Q1. What are the colors of the United States flag?
A1. red, white, and blue
Q2. How many stars are there on our flag?
Q3. What color are the stars on our flag?
Q4. What do the stars on the flag represent?
A4. one for each state in the United States
Q5. How many stripes are on the flag?
Q6. What colors are the stripes?
A6. red and white
Q7. What do the stripes on the flag represent?
A7. the original 13 colonies
Q8. How many states are there in the United States?
Q9. What is the national anthem of the United States?
A9. The Star Spangled Banner
Q10. Who wrote The Star Spangled Banner?
A10. Francis Scott Key
Q11. Why did the pilgrims come to America?
A11. for religious freedom
Q12. What was the name of the ship that brought the pilgrims to America?
A12. the Mayflower
Q13. Who helped the pilgrims to survive in America?
A13. the American Indians (or native Americans)
Q14. What modern holiday was first celebrated by the American colonists and the Native Americans?
Q15. Which were the thirteen original colonies?
A15. Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Rhode Island, and Maryland
Q16. What is the date the United States gained its independence?
A16. July 4, 1776
Q17. U.S. independence was won from whom?
Q18. What war was fought against England to win U.S. independence?
A18. the Revolutionary War
Q19. Who was the first Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. military?
A19. George Washington
Q20. Who was the first president of the United States?
A20. George Washington
Q21. Which were the first 13 states in the United States?
A21. the original colonies
Q22. Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?
A22. Thomas Jefferson
Q23. Who is referred to as “the Father of Our Country?”
A23. George Washington
Q24. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
A24. July 4, 1776
Q25. What is the basic belief of the Declaration of Independence?
A25. that all men are created equal
Q26. In what year was the Constitution written?
Q27. What are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution called?
A27. the Bill of Rights
Q28. Who said, “Give me liberty or give me death!”?
A28. Patrick Henry
Q29. Who was president during the Civil War?
A29. Abraham Lincoln
Q30. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
A30. abolished slavery in the United States
Q31. Which president freed the slaves?
A31. Abraham Lincoln
Q32. Which countries were enemies of the United States during World War II?
A32. Germany, Italy, and Japan
Q33. Which were the 49th and 50th states to join the United States?
A33. Alaska (Jan 3, 1959) and Hawaii (Aug 21, 1959)
Q34. Who was Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.?
A34. 1964 winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and a leader of the civil rights movement
Q35. What city is the capital of the United States?
A35. Washington D.C. (or, the District of Columbia)
Q36. What is the significance of the 4th of July?
A36. It is Independence Day.
Q37. The government of the United States is what kind?
A37. a republic
Q38. What are the two major political parties in the U.S. today?
A38. Democratic and Republican
Q39. How many states are there in the United States?
Q40. Name one purpose of the United Nations.
A41. It is a forum for countries to discuss and try to resolve world problems, and to provide economic aid to many countries.
Q41. How many branches are there in our government?
Q42. What are the three branches of our government?
A42. legislative, executive, and judiciary
Q43. Who makes up the executive branch of our government?
A43. the president, cabinet, and the departments under the cabinet members
Q44. Who is the president of the United States today?
A44. Barak H. Obama (44th president)
Q45. Who is the vice president of the United States today?
A45. Joseph R. Biden, Jr.
Q46. Who elects the president of the United States?
A46. the Electoral College
Q47. How many terms in office may a U.S. president serve?
Q48. How long is a presidential term of office?
A48. four years
Q49. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. military?
A49. the President
Q50. In what month do we vote for president?
Q51. In what month is the new president inaugurated?
Q52. According to the Constitution, one must meet certain requirements in order to be eligible to become president. Name one of these requirements.
A52. One must be a natural-born citizen of the United States; must be at least 35 years old by the time s/he will serve; must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years.
Q53. What special group advises the president?
A53. the presidential cabinet
Q54. Who becomes president of the United States if the president should die?
A54. the vice president
Q55. Who becomes president if the president and vice president should both die?
Q55. speaker of the House of Representatives
Q56. What is the White House?
A56. the president’s official residence
Q57. Where is the White House located?
A57. 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, North West, Washington D.C.
Q58. What is the legislative branch of our government?
Q59. Who makes up Congress?
A59. the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives
Q60. What are the duties of Congress?
A60. to make laws
Q61. What is the Constitution?
A61. the supreme law of the land
Q62. Who makes the laws in the United States?
Q63. Where does Congress convene, or meet?
A63. in the Capitol in Washington D.C.
Q64. Can the Constitution be changed?
Q65. What do we call a change to the Constitution?
A65. an amendment
Q66. How many amendments are there to the Constitution?
Q67. Who signs bills into law?
A67. the President
Q68. Who has the power to declare war?
Q69. Who elects Congress?
A69. the people
Q70. What is the minimum voting age in the United States?
Q71. How many senators are there in Congress?
Q72. Why are there 100 senators in the Senate?
A72. There are two to represent each state.
Q73. Can you name the two senators from your state?
A73. determine by locality
Q74. How long is a single term in office for each senator?
A74. six years
Q75. How many times may a senator be re-elected?
A75. There is no limit to the number of terms a senator may serve.
Q76. How many representatives are there in Congress?
Q77. How long is a single term in office for each representative?
A77. two years
Q78. How many times may a congressman be re-elected?
A78. There is no limit.
Q79. What is the United States Capitol?
A79. the building in Washington D.C. where Congress convenes
Q80. What is the judicial branch of our government?
A80. the Supreme Court
Q81. What are the duties of the Supreme Court?
A81. to interpret laws
Q82. Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court today?
A82. John G. Roberts, Jr.
Q83. Who selects the Supreme Court justices?
A83. They are appointed by the president.
Q84. How many Supreme Court justices are there?
Q85. What is the highest court in the United States?
A85. the Supreme Court
Q86. What is the supreme law of the United States?
A86. the Constitution
Q87. What is the introduction to the Constitution called?
A87. the Preamble
Q88. What is the Bill of Rights?
A88. the first ten amendments of the Constitution
Q89. Where is freedom of speech guaranteed?
A89. in the Bill of Rights
Q90. Name one right guaranteed by the First Amendment.
A90. Freedom of: speech, the press, religion, peaceable assembly, and to request change of government
Q91. Name three rights or freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights.
A91. Freedom of :
(a) speech, press, religion, peaceable assembly and to request change of government;
(b) the right to bear arms (the right to have weapons or own a gun, though subject to certain regulations);
(c) the government may not quarter, or house, soldiers in citizens’ homes during peacetime without their consent;
(d) the government may not search or take a person’s property without a warrant;
(e) a person may not be tried twice for the same crime and does not have to testify against him/herself;
(f) a person charged with a crime still has some rights, such as the right to a fair trial and the right to have a lawyer;
(g) the right to trial by jury, in most cases;
(h) protection of people against excessive or unreasonable fines or cruel and unusual punishment;
(i) the people have rights other than those mentioned in the Constitution;
(j) any power not given to the federal government by the Constitution is a power of either the states or the people.
Q92. Whose rights are guaranteed by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights?
A92. Everyone’s: citizens and non-citizens living in the U.S.
Q93. What U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) form is used to apply for naturalized citizenship?
A93. Form N-400: Application for Naturalization
Q94. Name one benefit of being a citizen of the United States.
A94. One may be employed by the federal government, travel with a U.S. passport, and petition for close relatives to come to the U.S. to live.
Q95. What is the most important right granted to U.S. citizens?
A95. the right to vote
Q96. What city is the capital of your state?
A96. determine by locality
Q97. Who is the current governor of your state?
A97. determine by locality
Q98. Who is the head of your local government?
A98. determine by locality
Q99. What is the head executive of a state government called?
Q100. What is the head executive of a city government called?