Schedule A is a U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) pre-certification, which establishes that workers in certain job classifications will not adversely affect U.S. workers. Thus, in the employment-based permanent residence process, cases falling under Schedule A bypass the need for a test of the labor market and application with DOL under the standard PERM labor certification process. This type of case is initiated through the filing of an I-140 petition, rather than a PERM labor application. It can be either an EB2 or EB3, depending upon the position requirements.
Schedule A contains two groups. The more commonly known is Group I, which includes physical therapists and professional nurses, only. The less commonly utilized is Group II, which is for persons of exceptional ability in science or arts and university teachers.