Six Things Every H1B Employer Must Include in Their Public Access Files

Any company that employs H1B workers is obligated to create and maintain a public access file (PAF) for each employee in H1B status. The following is a general overview of some of the key documents that should be found in PAFs.

Public Access Files: Creation and Access

Any employer that files a labor condition application (LCA) for an H1B (or H1B1 or E-3) worker must maintain a PAF for that foreign national. This file must be made available to any potentially interested or affected parties, including representatives from the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), who randomly audit these files.

The petitioning employer must complete the PAF and make it publicly available for inspection within one day of the filing of the LCA. The employer must maintain the public access file for one year past the final date any foreign national is employed pursuant to the LCA. Or, if no workers were ever employed pursuant to that LCA, the PAF must be kept for at least one year from the date the LCA expired or was withdrawn.

Documentation That Must Be Included

Every employer of an H1B employee must maintain the following documentation in each PAF:

Signed Copy of the Certified LCA

The PAF must contain a signed copy of the certified LCA. The LCA, once certified, will be signed by the DOL certifying officer and then must be signed by the authorized signatory for the employer.

Wage Rate Documentation

The PAF must include documentation demonstrating the wage rate to be paid to the foreign national employee. Depending on the circumstances, this requirement may be satisfied by the LCA. If not, a signed letter or statement from the employer attesting to the wage it intends to pay may suffice.

Explanation of Wage Determination

The public access file must contain a complete and unambiguous explanation of how the actual wage for the position was set. An explanation of how future salary increases will be calculated should also be included. The evidence for the wage determination typically is provided in the form of a memorandum that summarizes the system used.

Prevailing Wage Documentation

The employer must also keep a copy of the documentation used to determine the prevailing wage in the PAF. This can be accomplished with the inclusion of an explanation of the source and methodology used.

Notification Documentation

The public access file must include evidence that the notification requirements have been met. This means that the file must include proof of the notice posted at the worksite or, if appropriate, to the collective bargaining representative.

Benefits Memorandum

The PAF must include a benefits memorandum, which details the benefits offered by the employer to its workers. H1B workers must be provided the same employment benefits offered to U.S. workers. So, the memo should summarize the benefits offered to its employees, such as bonuses, paid vacations, insurance plans, and stock options.

Requirements for Employers after Corporate Restructuring

In addition to the aforementioned items that must be included in all PAFs, there is an evidentiary requirement that generally must be met following a corporate restructuring. In such instances, the employer must add a sworn statement by the responsible official of the new entity. In addition to the statement, the employer must add a list of every affected LCA as well as the FEIN of the new entity and an explanation of its wage system.

Requirements for H1B Dependent Employers and Willful Violators

H1B dependent employers and willful violators are subject to yet more PAF requirements. If the employer has indicated an employee is exempt, it must include a list of all exempt employees. Additionally, the PAF must contain a summary of the recruitment methods used and the details of that recruitment.


Failure to comply with any or all of the PAF requirements can lead to severe consequences. In addition to the potential direct penalties for violating the PAF requirements, this can also trigger further civil and/or criminal investigations from other government entities involved in the H1B process. Employers should make it a practice to regularly review and update all public access files to ensure that all information is complete and up to date.


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Disclaimer: The information provided here is of a general nature and may not apply to any specific or particular circumstance. It is not to be construed as legal advice nor presumed indefinitely up to date.