Potential Government Shutdown After January 19, 201818 Jan 2018
With less than a week left to pass a spending bill to extend government operations, there is a possibility that the U.S. government will be forced to shut down temporarily as of midnight on January 19, 2018. Such shutdowns are rare, and there is a chance that it still may be avoided. But, in case a shutdown does occur, stakeholders should understand the impact this would have from a U.S. immigration standpoint.
Annual Budget Process and History of Shutdowns
The money needed to fund federal government operations historically has been budgeted and approved on an annual basis. In recent years, however, relatively short-term bills, known as continuing resolutions, have been passed to keep the government funded. The current continuing resolution is scheduled to expire on midnight of January 19, 2018. If a full budget or, more likely, another continuing resolution is not passed by Congress and signed by the President by then, a government shutdown will occur.
The last time the U.S. government shutdown was October 1, 2013. That shutdown lasted until October 16, 2013. Prior to this, there had not been a government shutdown since 1995.
Security, CBP, and Vital Functions Continue
The U.S. government never completely shuts down. As would be expected, even during a budget crisis, agencies responsible for national security and other vital functions remain operational. Thus, even when a shutdown occurs, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) still has officers stationed at U.S. ports of entry (e.g., airports). This means that individuals continue to travel abroad and be readmitted to the United States, more or less as normal.
Fee Based Applications and Petitions not Affected
Federal agencies that are primarily funded through fee-based services, rather than direct government funding, also continue to operate during a shutdown. Because filing fees are submitted with many immigration applications and petitions, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) would remain open if there were to be a government shutdown. So, adjustment-of-status applications (I-485s), and other such cases, could continue to be filed and would continue to be processed. Similarly, the U.S. Department of State (DOS) charges fees for the visa services provided at U.S. consulates, meaning that the processing of visas (commonly referred to as visa “stamping”) would also continue.
Department of Labor LCAs and PERMs Would be Impacted
No fees are currently charged for the immigration functions performed by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), so these services are likely to halt in the event of a government shutdown. This can be quite problematic for immigration cases. The DOL is responsible for approving labor condition applications (LCAs), which are required for the filing of H1B petitions. The DOL is also the primary agency responsible for the labor certification (LC) process, which must be completed before moving forward with most employment-based permanent residency (“green card”) cases.
Impact on Immigration Programs Scheduled to Expire
In recent years, several immigration programs with expiration dates have been extended each time an annual budget or continuing resolution has passed. For instance, the regional center portion of the employment-based, fifth preference (EB5) immigrant investor program will expire unless Congress acts, as will the EB4 Non-Minister Religious Worker program, and the Conrad 30 waiver program for physicians. If Congress fails to extend these programs before the current continuing resolution expires, the government will stop processing these applications, until such time as they are again extended.
The Murthy Law Firm is urging Congress and the President to reach an agreement that will avoid a government shutdown. Stay tuned to MurthyDotCom for updates related to this ongoing budget battle.
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